Who Is C.G. Jung?
“Carl Jung, in full Carl Gustav Jung, (born July 26, 1875, Kesswil, Switzerland—died June 6, 1961, Küsnacht), Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist who founded analytic psychology, in some aspects a response to Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion, literature, and related fields.”
Read more about him in the Encyclopedia Britannica in which the above quotation was taken, it gives an excellent birds-eye view of his philosophy. Also, another excellent resource is Simply Psychology if you’re interested in exploring the various schools of thought Jung interacts with.